Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull made the announcement on Sunday, saying that the deal would only apply to those who have received positive refugee determinations at the camps on Papua New Guinea's Manus Island and the tiny South Pacific island nation of Nauru.
"We are going to work to protect vulnerable refugees around the world, and we'll share that responsibility with our friends in the regions that are most affected by this challenge", Kerry told reporters in New Zealand.
The Coalition has refused to comment or speculate on potential third-country negotiations to resettle the refugees.
Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has confirmed that the deal to move refugees from his country to the USA is expected to be put into action next year, after the President-elect Donald Trump's inauguration in January.
Mr Turnbull would not say how many refugees would be resettled but stressed the U.S. would not exceed its refugee intake quota.
The US Department of Homeland Security will be sending officials to start processing the detainees soon, according to the Prime Minister.
Australia has been repeatedly criticised for its tough policy on refugees and asylum seekers.
"Reports of a deal with the USA lack any detail whatsoever, but the idea of sending Muslim refugees to Donald Trump's US raises some concerns", Senator Nick McKim said in a statement.
Soon after coming into power, the Coalition instituted Operation Sovereign Borders to stem the heavy flow of boats carrying asylum seekers, which restarted under the Rudd and Gillard Labor governments.
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The Australian government has struck a deal with the United States to clear its controversial offshore refugee camps, which have faced widespread criticism due to the treatment of asylum-seekers who have not been let into Australia because of the nation's tight immigration policy.
The agreement, to be administered with the United Nations refugee agency UNHCR, is available only to those now in the processing centres.
Numerous refugees on the islands are Muslims from the Middle East and Asia.
Of the hundreds of refugees being held on Nauru, caught at sea trying to reach Australian shores, only six have arrived in Cambodia since Phnom Penh inked a deal with Canberra to resettle them on a voluntary basis, in return for an extra $30.2 million in aid over the next four years.
The government has also announced it will set a permanent annual humanitarian refugee intake at nearly 19,000 a year, up from less than 14,000.
Numerous refugees on Nauru come from majority Muslim countries.
"The pain and misery that have been felt by asylum-seeker children and their families on Nauru and Manus Island have been a black mark on Australia's conscience", said Mr Paul Ronalds, chief executive of Save the Children Australia.
As of October 31, there were 872 people in the processing centre on Manus Island and 390 people in Nauru's centre.
Asked Monday whether he was confident the migrants would not be left stranded by a change of administration in Washington, and whether they would be resettled by the time Trump takes office, Turnbull would only say that "the process will continue for some months".