Its star is an M class red dwarf and has three known planets, of which one sits in the habitable zone - the region where it is thought liquid water could exist (in that it is not too hot and not too cold).
"It's close enough to the star where it's looking suspiciously like a runaway greenhouse", Kane said. The research team studied the planet's orbits in collaboration with Tennessee State University and in Geneva, Switzerland.
Wolf 1061, the nearby star system of the earth might have alien life, and now researchers are headed toward the discovery of this.
Could exoplanet Wolf 1061c be the key to finding alien life?
Kate said that Wolf 1061 is located close to habitable zone means it's also close to the star, having an atmosphere similar to Venus that has greenhouse effect.
Scientists looking at the mysterious exoplanet Wolf 1061 say that it sits within the "habitable zone," just outside the solar system. The orbital distance of the start forms the habitable zone of the solar system is 0.084 AU, which pulls out from almost 0.073 to 0.190 AU.
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"Simply put, the planet can't be too close or too far from its parent star", he added. "Like Earth, the planet would have to exist in a sweet spot often referred to as the "Goldilocks zone" where conditions are just right for life". If a planet is located just inside the habitable zone of the star, it would succumb to a "runaway greenhouse effect", with all heat trapped inside atmosphere, just like Venus, which is believed to once had oceans that eventually evaporated.
When scientists search for planets that could sustain life, they are basically looking for a planet with almost identical properties to Earth. "Since water vapor is extremely effective in trapping in heat, it made the surface of the planet even hotter".
Astronomer Stephen Kane said: "The Wolf 1061 system is important because it is so close and that gives other opportunities to do follow-up studies to see if it does indeed have life". The surface temperature on Venus now reaches around 471 degrees Celsius.
The Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence (METI) is also searching for signs of extraterrestrial life on Wolf 1061c by observing it from their optical SETI observatory in Panama. In so doing, Wolf 1061c's climate could be quite chaotic, unlike the Earth, where orbital change is gradual and can result in something like the development of an ice age over an extended period of time. As the Wolf 1061c is completely within the habitable zone of the star, the possibility of its support for alien life is high.
"But fully understanding what's happening on the planet's surface will take more research".