In a recent crash test by the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety (IIHS), two plug-in hybrids - Toyota Prius Prime and Chevy Volt - earned the highest Top Safety Pick Plus designation, while Tesla's Model S and the BMW i3 fell short. Injuries to the dummy's right lower leg are also possible. Zuby said the crash tests proved electric vehicles could provide safety while also offering the benefits of lower emissions. Head restraints and seats are the main offenders according to the IIHS ("average"), as are the headlights and child seat anchors ("average"). Tesla uses a similar roof for its other Model S variants, but with the P100D having a larger battery pack than others, it could not get the "Good" and ended up with the "Acceptable". IIHS VP David Zuby said that he hoped that Tesla and BMW would continue to work on their vehicles, to further enhance their safety measures.
The results contrast with claims Tesla made in August 2013 that the Model S achieved the "best safety rating of any auto ever tested" following crash tests by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Vehicles that also come with "good" or "acceptable" headlights earn the "plus" award. Tesla Model S vehicles equipped with the second-generation hardware package have temporarily lost this feature. Achieving a "good" rating in all five would enable the vehicle to be designated as an IIHS top safety pick.
As for the i3, BMW's model won an "acceptable" rating for its inability to protect drivers from neck injuries, which, while "rarely fatal", can lead to "debilitating pain", the IIHS said. In fact, Tesla recently lengthened the side curtain airbags in order to improve performance in the small-overlap front crash test, but it obviously wasn't enough. Even a Model S P100D failed in the roof strength test - significant in the case of any rollover auto crash. Tesla says it made a production change on January 23 to address the head-contact problem, and IIHS will test the updated vehicle for small overlap protection as soon as it can be delivered. An optional front protection system, when fitted, nudges the i3 into the "advanced" rating. When it hasn't been plugged in, the Prius Prime gets 54 miles per gallon, while the Volt gets 42 mpg.
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The attack started when a truck filled with explosives detonated at the base, followed by heavy gunfire and an infantry attack. The militants typically ram the entrance to a target site with a auto or truck so fighters can storm in.
Its headlights were also rated "Poor", but Tesla claims it's working with suppliers to remedy that.
IIHS plans to test the latest EV to enter the market, the Chevrolet Bolt, once it becomes widely available this year. "Model S still has the lowest ever probability of injury of any vehicle ever tested by NHTSA", said a Tesla spokesperson.