Scientists think that this means there could have been more water on Mars at one stage, possibly even covering the entire planet in oceans. From this, they determined that Mars may have had a lot more water on its surface than previously thought.
What will a home on Mars look like? Chemical analysis. The rock's chemical and mineral composition is atypical for Earth, and typical for Mars. The mineral, called merrillite, contains no water or hydrogen - which led to the assumption that its Martian origins were likewise devoid of liquid. Using a synthetic version of whitlockite, they began conducting shock compression experiments on it created to simulate the conditions under which meteorites are ejected from Mars. They are an object lesson in the conditions that prevailed so long ago in the history of the solar system.
Of the over 100 Martian meteorites that have been retrieved here on Earth, and range in age from between 4 billion years to 165 million years.
How does one identify a meteorite from Mars, anyway?
To better understand the effect of the impacts on the wet whitlockite, a team of researchers produced a synthetic version of it in a lab, then simulated the effect of an impact by hitting it with metal plates shot from a gas-pressurized gun at 1,680 miles (2,700 km) per hour.
The shock experiments were sustained for only a fraction of a second, but already resulted in partial conversion, with 36 per cent of the mineral transformed to merrillite.
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"This is important for deducing how much water could have been on Mars, and whether the water was from Mars itself rather than comets or meteorites", Martin Kunz, a staff scientist at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source, said in a news release.
Scientists at the United States Space Agency NASA are from the viewpoint that an artificial shield of the magnet can make the Red Planet habitable. Despite so many researches and experiments, scientists yet failed to decode the mystery of water on Martian surface completely.
Not only does this find raise the "water budget" for Mars in the past, it also raises new questions about Mars' habitability.
"As far as life goes, our results are very favorable for the possibility - but we need more data". Answering it could be possible because whitlockite is soluble in water, and it consists of a building block of life on Earth, the element phosphorus. Ancient Mars used to have a lot of water and life-supporting capability than it earlier estimated to be.
Now, scientists must prove merrillite found on Earth was once whitlockite. "Had there ever been an environment that enabled a generation of life on Mars?" "But it is hard work when it all has to be done from far away".
These missions are scheduled to launch the summer of 2020, when the planets will be at their closest again. "We have to go back to the real meteorites and see if there had been traces of water".