About 1 in 5 USA adults under age 60 is infected with a "high-risk" strain of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) that increases the risk of cancer, according to a new report. Overall, more men than women between the ages of 18 and 59 had the virus: 45 percent of men versus nearly 40 percent of women had any form of it, and a quarter of men versus 20 percent of women had high-risk forms of genital HPV.
The new report also found that, overall, the prevalence of any type of genital HPV infection was 45 percent in men and 40 percent in women.
More than 12,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year in the US, and more than 4,000 of them will die of it. HPV is also linked to cancers of the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, and back of the throat, tongue and tonsils, in men and women.
"It's absolutely vital that all eligible young people receive the full course of the vaccine - taking preventive action against HPV is vital and could save a young person's life in years to come".
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually-transmitted disease in the United States, with approximately 80 million people now infected. For example, in Australia and the United Kingdom (including Scottland who presented the dramatic HPV rate drops), the vaccine was introduced as a cancer vaccine, which Paskett says, is what it really is. The vaccines prevent infection from high-risk HPV strains 16 and 18. "They're not getting the one vaccine that protects against diseases from which they're most likely to suffer and die", Offit said, noting that deaths from pertussis and meningococcal disease, for which adolescents are also vaccinated at that age, are minuscule compared with HPV-related cancers.
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Positive results of the study would offer women the opportunity to protect themselves and their sexual partners against potentially deadly HPV infection through the simple application of an low-cost, over-the-counter product. The publication manifested that when adding all types of HPV cases, the percentage of affected adults rose to 43 percent. Some develop genital warts, but the infection generally goes away on its own and many people never have health problems.
In addition, she said, "the vaccine is not strongly and routinely recommended by physicians". Unfortunately, though, HPV vaccines aren't a regular part of a child's vaccine cycle, and are often singled out. The CDC recommends the HPV vaccine for young women through the age of 26, and for young men through 21.
Dr. Lois Ramondetta, a professor of gynecologic oncology at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Texas, told NBC News previous year: "There is an epidemic of HPV related cancers in men, specifically those of the tonsil and the back of the tongue". This is problematic, Paskett said.
Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more on the human papillomavirus. The response, in a word, is heartening.
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