Around 6.4 million deaths worldwide in 2015 was attributed to smoking and almost half of those were from China, India, the United States and Russian Federation, according to medical journal Lancet. All in all, experts found out that around 933 million people smoke every day in 2015. 2015 was a year cursed by smoking due to which more than 1 in 10 lives globally plunged into the darkness of death. The risk factors were oxidative stress, which hampers the body's ability to defend itself against free radicals - a type of particle that has been associated with heart disease - and higher levels of adrenaline in the heart, which can lead to an increased heart rate and high blood pressure.
Replacing the existing images, the Health Ministry has released a new set of pictorial warnings for mandatory display on packets of cigarettes, bidis, and chewing tobacco with effect from April 1 this year. For example, in Russian Federation, the number of female smokers rose by 56.2% between 1990 and 2015.
In India, where 11.2 per cent of the world's smokers live, the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) is being implemented and the creation of a National Tobacco Control Programme (NTCP) in 2007 - has been rolled out in phases and now covers about 40 per cent of all districts in India.
Writing in a linked Comment, Professor John Britton, University of Nottingham, UK, said: "Today, the smoking epidemic is being exported from the rich world to low-income and middle-income countries, slipping under the radar while apparently more immediate priorities occupy and absorb scarce available human and financial resources".
AFTER the deputy health minister announced his ministry's plans to increase tobacco tax, several statements mentioned that smokers will turn to illicit cigarettes, and that these cigarettes are more harmful than the legal ones.
Did Britney Spears seriously delay Israeli ELECTIONS with her Tel Aviv show?
The centre-left HaAvoda Labour Party, which is one of the largest Israeli parties, has suspended its primary election. Ther has been no official world from Britney Spears on the matter.
"Smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide", the study found, "and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment". And although far more men smoke than women, there have been bigger reductions in the proportions of men smoking also, with minimal changes among women.
This shows that tobacco control is not just a health problem, and should not be left to only one ministry, or tackled from the health angle alone. "Nonetheless, much progress has been accomplished in the past 25 years. The more we know, the better we can target our efforts, the greater incentive national governments have to take action, and the more death and disease we can prevent", said Michael R. Bloomberg. Despite declines in tobacco use in recent decades, in 2015, approximately 115,000 Canadians began smoking daily.
The study was funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Researchers from the University of Washington in Seattle assessed the prevalence of daily smoking in 195 countries.