Afghanistan's Ministry of Interior Affairs on Tuesday said a terrorist attack targeting the Great Mosque of Herat killed at least seven people and injured 16 others.
Nobody has claimed responsibility for the attacks, but Afghanistan's intelligence service blamed the Haqqani Network supported by Pakistan's main spy agency for a bombing outside the diplomatic Green Zone in Kabul last week.
Meanwhile, Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani on Tuesday announced that the death toll from a truck-bomb explosion in Kabul last week has reached more than 150.
The incident was followed by five more deaths two days later during clashes which broke out between protesters and police at a rally, demanding the resignations of President Ashraf Ghani and Government Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah over repeated security failures.
President Ashraf Ghani stated at the opening of the meeting that the gathering will serve to start the hard process of defining a pathway that can lead to a just peace that ensures stability, security and the rule of law.
He said Afghanistan had offered Pakistan a vision of prosperity by linking south and central Asia through trade, investment and peaceful co-existence; however, he alleged Pakistan still believes it could sponsor and use terror as a controllable tool that can be switched on-and-off to suit its goals in the country.
Attack comes a week after almost 150 killed in truck-bomb blast in Kabul.
He also said that in the past two years, 11,000 foreign fighters have come in to Afghanistan to fight for Daesh.
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"These terrorists once again proved they don't represent any religion and they only carry out such coward attacks to please their Pakistani masters which is against all Islamic and human rights principals", the NDS said in a statement on Thursday. But after last week's deadly attacks and a Taliban announcement that any peace deal with the current government would be tantamount to surrendering to the "enemy", hopes have been dashed.
"The launch of the Kabul Process tomorrow is an important marker for each and every country in the region to show its true support for Afghanistan's aspirations for peace", said British ambassador Dominic Jermey on Monday.
The aim of the Kabul Process is to work towards peace in Afghanistan, with the support of neighboring countries, and the worldwide community.
"We are offering a chance for peace, but this is not an open-ended offer", Ghani said.
Speaking to the participants, Ghani said the attacks in Afghanistan were part of the violence that had struck foreign cities around the world, most recently in London, where three militants drove a van into pedestrians on Saturday before attacking people with knives.
Over 20 countries and worldwide organisations, including the US, Russia, China, the United Nations, NATO and the European Union were participating in the conference titled "Kabul Process" that kicked off on Tuesday, Efe news reported.
One of the first things the 69-year-old party leader did upon his return was to urge the Afghan extremists to learn from his example and walk on the path towards peace.