The White House said the bill would reduce overall immigration numbers in a bid to ease pressure on low-skilled wage jobs.
U.S. President, Donald Trump, on Wednesday announced an initiative to reduce the number of legal immigrants allowed into United States each year and to prioritise highly skilled workers.
The bill would create a new points-based system for applicants seeking to become legal permanent residents, favoring those who can speak English, have high-paying job offers, can financially support themselves and offer skills that would contribute to the US economy.
President Donald Trump on Wednesday unveiled legislation meant to slash legal immigration to the United States by reducing the amount of low-skilled immigrants who are allotted green cards. The bill would only allow for spouses and young children to emigrate to the USA and join their green card-holding sponsor.
It also proposes to end the "diversity visa lottery" under which the U.S. grants 50,000 green cards annually to people randomly selected from countries with low rates of immigration to the US.
The RAISE Act limits permanent resident status for refugees to 50,000 a year, in line with the 13-year average.
The changes proposed in their bill, called the RAISE Act, would be the "biggest change in 50 years" to the immigration system, Trump said, and reflect the administration's "compassion for struggling American families that deserve an immigrant system that puts their needs first".
Trump declares the bill to be the most significant immigration reform in half a century. John McCain of Arizona and Lindsey Graham of SC, and many Senate Democrats oppose making partial changes to immigration law without creating a pathway to legal status for immigrants who arrived in the country illegally and put down roots.
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That's what the RAISE Act is all about - while it is about immigration and will run into several thousand pages of background material but at its core, it tugs at how Trump's voters "feel" and not about what Trump is able to achieve, not how senators haggle in US Congress and certainly not about bills that don't pass.
Mr. Cotton said the current immigration system is "an obsolete disaster" in which only 1 immigrant in 15 comes to the US due to their job skills.
Limiting legal immigration is opposed by business groups, which rely on low-skilled workers for agriculture and other jobs.
The proposal "ends chain migration", Trump said, referring to the preference for uniting family members in the current immigration system.
The RAISE Act replaces the current permanent employment-visa framework with a skills-based system that rewards applicants based on their individual merits.
Cotton and Perdue's bill is likely to face the same uphill climb in the Senate that it had in February.
"They're not going to come in and immediately go and collect welfare.They can't do that", he said. Previewing the event, White House officials said the bill would aim to create a skills-based immigration system to make the USA more competitive, raise wages and create jobs. "This is different than illegal immigration".