Saudi state airline Saudia said it was suspending flights to and from Toronto, Canada's largest city.
Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said Monday that Canada will continue to support women's rights and speak out on behalf of them.
The former head of the Human Rights Commission in Saudi Arabia, Dr Hadi Bin Al Yami, said that the Canadian government's actions violate diplomatic norms governing state relations. "But I would not deliver Canadian grains to Saudi Arabia now, even on previous contracts", the trader added.
"And by hitting Canada - which is big enough to matter but small enough not to be a risk to Saudi - he sends a message elsewhere", Kliment said.
Samar's brother, blogger Raif Badawi, was arrested in 2012 and sentenced to 1,000 lashes and 10 years in jail for "insulting Islam" in a case that sparked an global outcry.
According to Thompson Rivers University figures, there are 2,839 worldwide students enrolled, nine per cent of which - 256 - are from Saudi Arabia, which makes up the third-most contingent of students at TRU, behind India (22 per cent; 625 students) and China (30 per cent; 852 students).
The Saudi Foreign Ministry said it had recalled its envoy in Canada and also said it would freeze "all new business" between the kingdom and Canada.
The photo was posted after tensions between Saudi Arabia and Canada erupted this week over the the Trudeau government's call to release jailed Saudi women's rights activists.
USA release of 3D-printed gun software blocked
But in the past three days, more than 2,500 people have downloaded Wilson's blueprints for 3D-printed AR-15 style assault rifles. Gun experts say plastic guns may not work without some metal parts and that they could blow up in the hands of users.
Last week, human-rights activist Samar Badawi and others were arrested by Saudi police.
Prince Mohammed, heir to the region's most powerful throne, has introduced a string of reforms such as lifting a decades-long ban on women drivers in a bid to overhaul the kingdom's austere image.
Raif Badawi's wife has been granted asylum by Canada.
Amnesty International said the response to Canada showed that it was important Western countries not be intimidated into silence over Riyadh's treatment of dissenters.
Garry Keller, who was chief of staff to ex-Conservative Foreign Minister John Baird, said the government needed to look at how it could help businesses that might be affected.
"We're going to stand with the values that we know are important to Canadians and Saudi Arabia will take the decisions that they take", Morneau said.
The Shura Council in Bahrain, the kingdom's highest legislative body, also issued a statement condemning Canada's interference in Saudi's affairs.