The new five-year defence plan calls for the upgrade of two existing helicopter carriers so that they can launch fighters, and is the latest in a series of steps under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to boost Japan's military.
"Fighter jets will only be deployed on an operational necessity basis and will not be permanently embarked on the two ships", he said, adding that Japan should not be judged as being an offensive power exclusively by the capability of its arms.
The protest was made through official channels by Japanese diplomats in Moscow on December 19, according to Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga.
Speaking on condition of anonymity, he said: "This misunderstanding is that (we are) trying to convert the two Izumo-class destroyers into full-fledged aircraft carriers, on which the F-35B aircraft will be permanently embarked, and the function of the Izumo-class destroyers will be to serve as full-fledged aircraft carriers".
"The United States remains the world's most powerful nation, but national rivalries are surfacing and we recognize the importance of the strategic competition with both China and Russian Federation as they challenge the regional order", defense guidelines said, according to The Guardian.
Japan may be a self-described pacifist country, but it's poised to become the biggest foreign buyer of Lockheed Martin's F-35 fighter jets. These include the 45 new jets that Japan is committing to buy in the next five years and another 42 F-35A jets that have been ordered.
"Due to historical reasons, neighbouring countries in Asia and the global community have always been highly concerned about Japan's moves in military and security fields", Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying told reporters in Beijing. In another controversial move, Japan will acquire cruise missiles created to hit enemy targets.
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May added: "That must start here in Westminster with politicians on all sides coming together to act in the national interest". While Theresa May , may stay, the time of her life is gone as Brexit seems not good enough for anyone.
'That's not going to happen'. The refitting of a second helicopter carrier would follow.
But some experts, meanwhile, have criticised the government's arguments as spurious. Any deal would require that Japan recognise the islands are legitimately Russian and would be given "not as a return, but as a gesture of goodwill", he added.
Japan also plans to buy 42 F-35B short take-off and vertical landing jets from the U.S., which could be used on the new carriers, as well as 105 F-35A fighters, which take off from land.
Other plans reportedly in the guidelines, which will cover five years from April next year, include the purchase of 105 F-35 jets from the United States to replace an aging fleet of F-15s, and the deployment of unmanned surveillance submarines, as well as long-range and hypersonic missiles to defend its small islands, including the Okinawa chain.
Japan's two Izumo-class vessels, named Izumo and Kaga, are its largest destroyers at 248m in length and 27,000 tonnes in weight.
The separate plan endorsed by the cabinet on Tuesday, says they will buy 42 F-35s over the next decade, with the F-35B variant widely considered the likeliest candidate.