Most shocking of all, Watson shows that videos of this nature were monetized and ran ads from YouTube's advertising partners. The platform's scale is simply too vast to ignore.
Chi Hea Cho, a spokeswoman for YouTube's parent company, Google, told the New York Times that the pedophiles' comments and actions are "abhorrent". Big brands have temporarily yanked their advertising from the platform in previous years after ads appeared next to extremist content.
Hess said she spotted another version of the same video on YouTube Kids in July previous year. And it doesn't just recommend more of these videos with kids just being kids, they're recommending the videos that are popular with pedophiles.
Many on social media have given their view, one user wrote, "Basically, YouTube seems to be hatching a plan to enforce a new policy that will say "no children allowed in videos", and another said, "YouTube shooting themselves in the foot by taking nice things away from nice people because of frightful ones". AT&T had apparently just started running ads on YouTube again subsequent to pulling them amid controversy in 2017. That is, YouTube was actually serving anti-vaxxer information alongside legitimate health information. "We also need to fight to have the developers of social media platforms held responsible when they do not assure that age restriction are followed and when they do not remove inappropriate and/or unsafe material when reported".
Brands have good reason to feel uneasy, according to an October 2018 study by cybersecurity firm Cheq and IPG Mediabrands, which found that consumers assume every ad placement is intentional, and are 2.8 times less willing to associate with a brand when its ads are displayed in unsafe environments.
Duterte the 'devil's friend'? Palace reacts to Pope Francis' remarks
Before it started, some victims' groups said the conference was an attempt to cleanse the image of the 1.3 billion-member church. These include the pontiff publicly botching a wellknown sex abuse cover-up case in Chile by initially giving it no credence.
YouTube said that it considers anti-vaccination content to be "dangerous or harmful", which as a policy, it does not allow to be monetised - meaning that it won't allow the video to generate any money for the creator from advertising.
"We enforce these policies vigorously, and if we find a video that violates them we immediately take action and remove ads".
Followed by the double whammy on YouTube advertisements, the video streaming giant said in a statement, "There's more to be done, and we continue to work to improve and catch abuse more quickly".
The explanation that YouTube is demonetising videos based on comments left by other people - all, ultimately, to protect advertisers, is shockingly not sitting well with YouTube creators, who already have a pretty jaded view of YouTube's intentions.
Google has made major changes to YouTube in the past in response to advertiser concerns. The team agreed to be aware of the problem and stated that they are working on ways to resolve the issue and keep viewers safe.