On 8 March previous year, more than 5 million people across Spain took part in an unprecedented feminist strike to mark International Women's Day and demand gender equality, according to labour unions.
In 1911, Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland celebrated the first official International Women's Day on March 19.
Millions of Germans will for the first time join citizens of more than 20 countries in celebrating International Women's Day as a public holiday Friday.
Berlin is a city state within Germany, and its local Senate decided to make 8 March a day off work in a vote at the end of January, German radio reported.
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The two main labor unions had called for 2-hour work stoppages, but the March 8 Commission, which groups women's rights advocates, say the strike should last 24 hours.
The minister called for more women "in leadership positions in every profession", and pledged to "value the caring professions and do more to combat domestic violence, especially against women". International Women's Day is a day of hope and reflection of celebration of women and gender parity in our society.
Thousands are expected to take to the streets in Berlin Friday with the slogan: "Celebrate, strike, fight on", according to DW.